Hockeyisten Laddar

Nya rön om fenomenet Relative Age Effect (RAE) bland NHL:s elitspelare

Fenomenet Relative Age Effect är omdiskuterat inom idrottsvärlden. Otaliga vetenskapliga studier har påvisat att unga idrottsutövare som tas ut till ungdomslandslag och dylikt ofta är födda under kalenderårets första sex månader. Detta mönster har fått forskarna att tala om att idrottens talangsystem snarare fångar upp fysiskt mognad än idrottslig begåvning (se t.ex. Andersson, 2019).

En ny studie av samhällsvetarna Luca Fumarco, Benjamin G. Gibbs, Jonathan A. Jarvis och Giambattista Rossi, “The relative age effect reversal among the National Hockey League elite“, kastar dock nytt ljus över situationen inom elitishockeyn på herrsidan. 

Denna undersökningen, baserad på statistiska uppgifter från säsongerna 2008/2009-2015/2016, pekar nämligen på en motsatt tendens när det gäller NHL:s bästa poängplockare och ligans högst betalda spelare. 

Så skriver författarna i artikelns abtract: 

Like many sports in adolescence, junior hockey is organized by age groups. Typically, players born after December 31st are placed in the subsequent age cohort and as a result, will have an age advantage over those players born closer to the end of the year. While this relative age effect (RAE) has been well-established in junior hockey and other professional sports, the long-term impact of this phenomenon is not well understood. Using roster data on North American National Hockey League (NHL) players from the 2008–2009 season to the 2015–2016 season, we document a RAE reversal—players born in the last quarter of the year (October-December) score more and command higher salaries than those born in the first quarter of the year. This reversal is even more pronounced among the NHL “elite.” We find that among players in the 90th percentile of scoring, those born in the last quarter of the year score about 9 more points per season than those born in the first quarter. Likewise, elite players in the 90th percentile of salary who are born in the last quarter of the year earn 51% more pay than players born at the start of the year. Surprisingly, compared to players at the lower end of the performance distribution, the RAE reversal is about three to four times greater among elite players.”

Hela artikeln finns att tillgå här

 

0Shares
Tobias Stark
tobias.stark@lnu.se